Java 8 Examples Programs Before and After Lambda & Streams


Understand the java programs how can be rewritten existing java code using java 8 streams and new lambda concepts.

1. Introduction

In this tutorial, We'll learn how to write programs using java 8 coding standards on few examples. Many developers feel learning java 8 concepts may be hard to understand. But once we are good using them then feel reduces error prone code and improves the performance of the application.

Read article on Java 8 Lamda Expression Rules

Examples Programs Before and After Java 8

In this article, We will see the example programs on sorting using Comparator, File names validation, Retrieving only hidden files and filtering list objects based on conditions.

2. Sorting

2.1 Before Java 8

See the below code which is implemented in older versions of Java. Here trying to sort the Employee's based on the id column.

Collections.sort(emplyeesList, new Comparator() {
 public int compare(Employee a1, Employee a2){
  return a1.getId().compareTo(a2.getId());

Here, written code in 5 lines in which includes Comparator implementation.

2.2 In Java 8

See the below code in Java 8. All the code is in single line and not seeing comparing logic.


Here, Comparator is a Functional Interface which has only one abstract method.

Comparator has a static method comparing(.Function.) which accepts only Funtion interface.

Note: Function<T, R> also a Functional Interface. This has a method apply(T t) which will be called from Comparator.comparing() method.

3. File Name Validation

3.1 Before Java 8

See the code in java old version. Here the core logic is file.getName().endsWith(".xml"); The remaining code is just syntax.

File[] hiddenFiles = new File("directory_name").listFiles(new FileFilter() {
 public boolean accept(File file) {
  return file.getName().endsWith(".xml");

3.2 In Java 8

The above code is simplified to single line which reduces the errors.

File[] hiddenFiles = new File("directory_name").listFiles( file -> file.getName().endsWith(".xml"));

Note: Java 8, just focus on the business logic and takes its syntax internally. Developer need not to worry about it.

4. Retrieving only Hidden files

4.1 Before java 8

File has a method to check the method is hidden or not using isHidden() method.

File[] hiddenFiles = new File("directory_name").listFiles(new FileFilter() {
 public boolean accept(File file) {
  return file.isHidden();

4.2 In Java 8

Just using the new Method Reference concept as part of new Java 8.

File[] hiddenFiles = new File("directory_name").listFiles(File::isHidden);

5. Conclusion

In this post, We've seen example program before and after Java 8.

Observed the differences between them. Java 8 were in many ways more profound than any other changes to Java in its history.



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Author: Venkatesh - I love to learn and share the technical stuff.

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JavaProgramTo.com: Java 8 Examples Programs Before and After Lambda & Streams
Java 8 Examples Programs Before and After Lambda & Streams
Understand the java programs how can be rewritten existing java code using java 8 streams and new lambda concepts.
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